New Mexico Geological Society
Fall Field Conference Guidebook - 53
Geology of White Sands

cover

Virgil Lueth, Katherine A. Giles, Spencer G. Lucas, Barry S. Kues, Robert G. Myers, and Dana Ulmer-Scholle, eds, 2002, 362 pages.

In 1942 the ranchers and miners living on the roughly 3200 square mile area that was destined to become White Sands Missile Range, leased their land to the United States Government in order to establish the Alamogordo Bombing Range. On July 9, 1945 Whites Sands Missile Range (WSMR)) was formally established and on July 16 the first atomic bomb was tested at the Trinity Site on the north end of the range. The events of that day would change the course of history for this area in New Mexico and for the entire World. The field trip and guidebook cover an extremely wide range of geologic topics. These topics include a visit to the Proterozoic basement, an overview of nearly the entire Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic stratigraphy, Ancestral Rocky Mountains, Laramide and Rio Grande rift tectonics, coal and mineral deposits, eolian and soil processes of White Sands, and volcanic processes of the anomalously long Carrizozo lava flow. WSMR not only has an incredibly rich geologic history, but the human history of the area has served as the inspiration for many novels, fodder for folklore, and instigation for treasure hunts. In the course of our geologically oriented traverse of the area, we will be fortunate to visit historic sites ranging from the Native Americans who left the petroglyphs that we'll view at Three Rivers, to the testing of the first atomic bomb at the Trinity Site that brought us into the Atomic Age. Our journey across the Tularosa Basin and through Rhodes Canyon and Mockingbird Gap will take us past many structures abandoned by the ranching and milling communities of the past and will trace the rare passages through the San Andres Mountains that were used by the Spanish and early settlers in the region.

ISBN: 9781585460851

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Table of Contents:

Note —Downloads of the papers below are free. Road logs mini-papers, maps, and other sections are only available in print.

  1. First-day road log, Alamogordo to Tularosa, Mockingbird Gap, Trinity Site, Oscuro, and Three Rivers
    — Spencer G. Lucas, Virgil W. Lueth, Barry S. Kues, Robert G. Myers, and Katherine A. Giles, pp. 1-28.
  2. Mini-papers:

  3. History of the geochronology of the Carrizozo lava flows
    — Nelia W. Dunbar, pp. 6-8.
  4. Copper glance-Estey City's brief moment in the sun
    — Robert W. Eveleth, pp. 9-10.
  5. M. L. Thompson's Pennsylvanian stratigraphy in the Oscura Mountains
    — Spencer G. Lucas, pp. 15-16.
  6. Lake Trinity
    — Robert H. Weber, pp. 17-18.
  7. The Sierra Blanca Basin
    — Steven M. Cather, pp. 21.
  8. Sierra Blanca coal field, Lincoln and Otero counties, New Mexico
    — Gretchen K. Hoffman, pp. 21-24.
  9. The Three Rivers Petroglyph site, Otero County, New Mexico
    — Virginia T. McLemore, pp. 26-27.
  10. Second-day road log, from Alamogordo to Tularosa, Rhodes Canyon, Lake Lucero, and return to Alamogordo
    — Katherine A. Giles, Spencer G. Lucas, Virgil W. Lueth, and Robert G. Myers, pp. 29-51.
  11. Mini-papers:

  12. Forgotten by most-remebered by a few, the Good Fortune Camp, San Andres Mountains, Sierra County, New Mexico
    — Robert W. Eveleth, pp. 30-32.
  13. Enigmatic oolitic ironstone in the Cambro-Ordovician Bliss Sandstone
    — Greg H. Mack, pp. 35.
  14. Upper Pennsylvanian section in Rhodes Canyon
    — G. S. (Lynn) Soreghan, pp. 39-40.
  15. Playa lake shorelines and the Holocene history of the White Sands dune field
    — Richard P. Langford, pp. 45-47.
  16. Fossil molluscan fauna from Pleistocene Lake Otero, Tularosa Basin, southern New Mexico
    — Mark E. Gordon, Gary S. Morgan, and Spencer G. Lucas, pp. 47-48.
  17. Quaternary flooding of the Tualrosa Basin? - implications of a soil-water-chloride profile
    — William J. Stone, pp. 49-50.
  18. Third-day road log, from Alamogordo to White Sands, San Agustin Pass, Organ quarry, and Tortugas Mountain
    — Virgil W. Lueth, Spencer G. Lucas, Katherine A. Giles, Barry S. Kues, and James Witcher, pp. 53-73.
  19. Mini-papers:

  20. Geoarcheology of the Jarilla Mountain fans and adjacent Tularosa Basin floor
    — William H. Doleman, pp. 60-62.
  21. Papers:

    Note — To download papers from this guidebook, you will need a PDF viewer like the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.

  22. Shallow geophysical study of the Grapevine Canyon area, eastern Tularosa Basin: implications for groundwater resources (3.27 MB PDF)
    — Wayne L. Belzer, Kate C. Miller, and Steven Harder, pp. 79-84. [ABSTRACT]
  23. Evidence for Pennsylvanian transpression from preliminary kinematic fault analysis in the Sacramento Mountains, New Mexico (2.05 MB PDF)
    — Abby W. Howell, Eric A. Erslev, and Steven M. Cather, pp. 103-106. [ABSTRACT]
  24. New precision topographic measurements of the Carrizzozo and McCarty's basalt flows, New Mexico (3.90 MB PDF)
    — James R. Zimbelman and Andrew K. Johnston, pp. 121-127. [ABSTRACT]
  25. Type section of the Upper Carboniferous Bursum Formation, south-central New Mexico, and the Bursumian stage (7.34 MB PDF)
    — Spencer G. Lucas, Karl Krainer, and Barry S. Kues, pp. 179-192. [ABSTRACT]
  26. Permian stratigraphy in the Jarilla Mountains, Otero County, New Mexico (5.92 MB PDF)
    — Spencer G. Lucas and Karl Krainer, pp. 211-222. [ABSTRACT]
  27. Lower Wolfcampian conglomerate in the southern Caballo Mountains, Sierra County, New Mexico: stratigraphy, correlation, and implications for late Pennsylvanian-early Permian tectonics (4.02 MB PDF)
    — Timothy F. Lawton, Katherine A. Giles, Greg H. Mack, David S. Singleton, and Alan D. Thompson, pp. 257-265. [ABSTRACT]
  28. Pleistocene vertebrates from the White Sands Missile Range, southern New Mexico (4.72 MB PDF)
    — Gary S. Morgan and Spencer G. Lucas, pp. 267-276. [ABSTRACT]
  29. The Otero Formation, Pleistocene lacustrine strata in the Tularosa Basin, southern New Mexico (4.04 MB PDF)
    — Spencer G. Lucas and John W. Hawley, pp. 277-283. [ABSTRACT]
  30. Mammal footprints from the upper Pleistocene of the Tularosa Basin, Dona Ana County, New Mexico (2.40 MB PDF)
    — Spencer G. Lucas, Gary S. Morgan, John W. Hawley, David W. Love, and Robert G. Myers, pp. 285-288. [ABSTRACT]
  31. Investigation of hydrothermal sources in the Rio Grande rift region (2.68 MB PDF)
    — Bartlomiej Rzonca and Dirk Schulze-Makuch, pp. 319-324. [ABSTRACT]
  32. Petroleum geology of the McGregor Range, Otero County, New Mexico (3.98 MB PDF)
    — Ronald F. Broadhead, pp. 331-338. [ABSTRACT]