Evolution of the Eocene Galisteo Basin, north-central New Mexico
Timothy W. Gorham and R. V. Ingersoll
The Galisteo Formation (Eocene) consists of 261 to 1,295 m of red to white mudstone, sandstone and conglomerate deposited in a continental basin located between Albuquerque and Santa Fe (fig. 1). Terrestrial fossils, coarse-grained sediment, crossbedding, channeling and lateral variation in lithology indicate that the Galisteo was deposited in fluvial channels and broad flood plains feeding sediment into a progressively deepening and enlarging basin (Baltz, 1978; Gorham, 1979; Stearns, 1943). The Galisteo crops out in isolated patches throughout north-central New Mexico, but the Hagan basin contains the most complete and least disturbed section; this is the area in which the present investigation was concentrated, although data from surrounding areas are included in the results.
The most important previous work on the Galisteo includes the following: Disbrow and Stoll (1957), Galusha and Blick (1971), Harrison (1959), Kelley and Northrop (1975), and Stearns (1943, 1953b). Recent papers discuss in more detail the economic (Chenoweth, this guidebook; Moore, this guidebook) and paleontologic (Lucas and Kues, this guidebook) resources of this formation. Gorham (1979) recently has completed a detailed stratigraphic, sedimentologic, petrologic and paleogeographic study of the Galisteo, and the interested reader is referred to this work for details not contained in the present report.
- Gorham, Timothy W.; Ingersoll, R. V., 1979, Evolution of the Eocene Galisteo Basin, north-central New Mexico, in: Santa Fe Country, Ingersoll, Raymond V.; Woodward, Lee A.; James, H. L., New Mexico Geological Society, Guidebook, 30th Field Conference, pp. 219-224.