Self-potential surveys of three geothermal areas in the southern Rio Grande rift, New Mexico
Howard P. Ross and James C. Witcher
Self potential (SP) surveys appear to have important use as a primary tool in the exploration and delineation of hydrothermal upflow zones in the southern Rio Grande rift, New Mexico. SP surveys were completed over three distinct types of geothermal systems in the rift. At Rincon, a well-defined SP anomaly about 1 km long with a minimum of -122 millivolts (mV) was mapped over the highest temperature gradients and immediately adjacent to a radon anomaly. Two other SP minima of -57 and -74 mV at Rincon are untested with temperature gradient drilling but correlate with radon anomalies. At Radium Springs, several negative SP anomalies were mapped in an area north of a known upflow zone that currently produces fluids for greenhouse heating. The more significant anomalies had amplitudes of -92 and -146 mV. Six Radium Springs SP anomalies are immediately adjacent or over radon soil-gas anomalies, and limited temperature gradient information indicates at least one shallow upflow zone near the SP anomalies. The SP expression of the Tortugas Mountain part of the Las Cruces East Mesa geothermal area is quite complex. Several negative anomalies can be attributed to a "caliche effect" where stations on low ridges capped by well-developed, latestage caliche produce large (-100 mV) anomalies over distances less than 20 m. This "caliche effect" presents a major noise source for SP surveys in arid regions. Elimination of caliche stations and filtering allowed interpretation of several -10 to -40 mV anomalies that may be a subdued expression of a deep (about 200 m) and broadly dispersed upflow zone(s).
- Ross, Howard P.; Witcher, James C., 1998, Self-potential surveys of three geothermal areas in the southern Rio Grande rift, New Mexico, in: Las Cruces Country II, Mack, G. H.; Austin, G. S.; Barker, J. M., New Mexico Geological Society, Guidebook, 49th Field Conference, pp. 93-100.