New Mexico Geological Society
Fall Field Conference Guidebook - 57
Caves & Karst of Southeastern New Mexico


Lewis Land, Virgil W. Lueth, William Raatz, Penny Boston and David W. Love, eds, 2006, 344 pages.

Welcome to southeastern New Mexico and the 57th annual Fall Field Conference of the New Mexico Geological Society. This year's conference marks our third venture into the Carlsbad area. Our hosts will share with us a number of wide-ranging geologically and environmentally relevant topics as we explore the subterranean environments of caves; the oil, natural gas, and mineral resources of the area; and the engineering hazards of karst terrain. On the first day, each participant will have a chance to tour at least one of the diverse and magnificent limestone caves of the Guadalupe Mountains including the world famous Carlsbad Caverns National Park. On the second day, the group will visit Parks Ranch Cave, the second longest gypsum cave in the United States. On the last day, the hosts will share with us hydrology and environmental hazards associated with gypsum karst.

ISBN: 9781585460922

Softcover: $5.00 Buy Now

Table of Contents:

Note —Downloads of the papers below are free. Road logs mini-papers, maps, and other sections are only available in print.

  1. First-day road log, trip 1, from Washington Ranch to Dark Canyon, Mosley Canyon, and Queen Highway, through Indian Basin and Rocky Arroyo, to Azotea Mesa and the McKittrick Hill Caves, and return to Washington Ranch by way of Happy Valley
    — Lewis Land, David Love, and Victor Polyak, pp. 1-16.
  2. Mini-papers:

  3. Geological walking tour of Washington Ranch
    — Lewis Land and David Love, pp. 15-16.
  4. Firstday road log, trip 2, from Washington Ranch to Lower Slaughter Canyon, Slaughter Canyon Cave, and Black River valley
    — David Love, Lewis Land, and Victor Polyak, pp. 17-22.
  5. Mini-papers:

  6. The mouth of Slaughter Canyon
    — Alton Brown, pp. 22-23.
  7. Old bat guano in Slaughter Canyon Cave
    — Victor J. Polyak, Yemane Asmerom, and Jessica B. T. Rasmussen, pp. 23-24.
  8. First-day road-log, Trip 3, from Washington Ranch to Whites City, Walnut Canyon and Carlsbad Cavern
    — Peter A. Scholle and Dana S. Ulmer-Scholle, pp. 25-36.
  9. Mini-papers:

  10. Unresolved problems with sulfate speleogenesis of Carlsbad Cavern
    — Alton Brown, pp. 36-38.
  11. The unknown crust beneath your feet: Cave pool precipitates of Lower Cave, Carlsbad Cavern, New Mexico
    — Leslie A. Melim, Andy Brehm, Ginny Rust, Neil Shannon, and Diana E. Northrup, pp. 38-40.
  12. Partnering with biologists: Better answers through collaboration
    — Diana E. Northrup, pp. 41-42.
  13. First-day road log, trip 4, from Washington Ranch to Dark Canyon, Mosley Canyon, Queen Highway (NM 137), Queen, Klondike Gap, and Cottonwood Cave
    — Lewis Land, David Love, and Victor Polyak, pp. 43-47.
  14. Second-day road log, from Washington Ranch to Rader debris flow, Orla Road Castil outcrop, State Line Castile gypsum roadcut, Chosa Draw evaporite karst features, and Parks Ranch Cave
    — Lewis Land and David Love, pp. 49-59.
  15. Mini-papers:

  16. Three Permian series
    — Spencer G. Lucas, pp. 60-61.
  17. Ochoa Group, not series or stage, Upper Permian of West Texas and southeastern New Mexico
    — Spencer G. Lucas, pp. 62-63.
  18. Occurrences of the Fusulinid Yabeina Texana in the basal parts of the Tansill Formation and Lamar Limestone Member in the Guadalupe Mountains area, West Texas and New Mexico
    — Tyrell, Willis W., Jr., Gorden L. Bell, John A. Diemer, and Merlynd K. Nestell, pp. 64-67.
  19. Thickness variations in the Lamar Limestone and Reef Trail members of the Bell Canyon Formation, northwestern Delaware Basin, New Mexico and West Texas
    — Willis W. Tyrell, John A. Diemer, Bell, Gordon L., Jr., and Richard J. Bichsel, pp. 67-70.
  20. Regional map of highstand phase of Lower Seven Rivers-Hegler High Frequency Sequence (HFS) in southeast New Mexico
    — Willis W. Tyrell, John A. Diemer, Bell, Gordon L., Jr., and Richard J. Bichsel, pp. 70-72.
  21. Delaware (lamar) Limestone roadcut
    — Alton Brown, pp. 73-74.
  22. The bentonite-bearing Manzanita Limestone Member, Cherry Canyon Formation, exposed in a Patterson Hills road cut, Culberson County, Texas
    — John A. Diemer, Willis W. Tyrell, Bell, Gordon L., Jr., and David H. Griffing, pp. 75-77.
  23. Halite depositional cycles in the Upper Permian Salado Formation
    — Robert M. Holt, Dennis W. Powers, and Tim K. Lowenstein, pp. 78-80.
  24. Pangean monsoon cycles in NM-Texas State-Line outcrop
    — Roger Y. Anderson, pp. 80-81.
  25. Gypsum karst of the Chosa Draw area
    — Kevin W. Stafford, pp. 82-83.
  26. Third-day road log, from Living Desert State Park turnoff at US 285, north to Brantley Dam and Lake McMillan, through Artesia, Lake Arthur, Hagerman, Dexter and ending at Bottomless Lakes State Park
    — Lewis Land and David Love, pp. 85-93.
  27. Mini-papers:

  28. Bottomless Lakes State Park
    — Virginia T. McLemore, pp. 93-94.
  29. Hydrogeology of Bottomless Lakes State Park
    — Lewis Land, pp. 95-96.
  30. Third-day supplemental road log 1
    — Lewis Land, pp. 97-99.
  31. Papers:

    Note — To download papers from this guidebook, you will need a PDF viewer like the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.

  32. Geology of the Guadalupe Mountains: An overview of recent ideas (1.93 MB PDF)
    — Carol A. Hill, pp. 145-150. [ABSTRACT]
  33. Trail guide to and discussion of the geology of Carlsbad Cavern: Main Corridor and Big Room (868 KB PDF)
    — J. Michael Queen and Louise D. Hose, pp. 151-160.
  34. Ferromanganese deposits in the caves of the Guadalupe Mountains (1.23 MB PDF)
    — Michael N. Spilde, Diana E. Northrup, and Penelope J. Boston, pp. 161-165. [ABSTRACT]
  35. Biothems: Biologically influenced speleothems in the caves of the Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico, USA (3.32 MB PDF)
    — J. Michael Queen and Leslie A. Melim, pp. 167-173. [ABSTRACT]
  36. Got moonmilk? The characterization of moonmilk in Spider Cave, Carlsbad Caverns National Park, New Mexico (4.41 MB PDF)
    — Morgan Perrone-Vogt and Katherine Giles, pp. 175-184. [ABSTRACT]
  37. Tectonic influences on speleogenesis in the Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico and Texas (2.75 MB PDF)
    — Harvey R. DuChene and Kimberley I. Cunningham, pp. 211-217. [ABSTRACT]
  38. Intrastratal karst at the WIPP site, southeastern New Mexico (2.96 MB PDF)
    — Carol A. Hill, pp. 233-242. [ABSTRACT]
  39. Evaporite karst features and processes at Nash Draw, Eddy County, New Mexico (10.78 MB PDF)
    — Dennis W. Powers, Richard L. Beauheim, Robert M. Holt, and David L. Hughes, pp. 253-265. [ABSTRACT]
  40. Advances in depositional models of the Permian Rustler Formation, southeastern New Mexico (3.28 MB PDF)
    — Dennis W. Powers, Robert M. Holt, Richard L. Beauheim, and Ron G. Richardson, pp. 267-276. [ABSTRACT]
  41. Overview of the WIPP groundwater monitoring programs with inferences about karst in the WIPP vicinity (2.02 MB PDF)
    — Michael B. Hillesheim, Richard L. Beauheim, and Ron G. Richardson, pp. 277-286. [ABSTRACT]
  42. Hydrogeology of Hale Spring and evaluation of declining spring discharge, Ruidoso Downs, New Mexico (4.50 MB PDF)
    — Jim Riesterer, Paul Drakos, Jay Lazarus, and Mustafa Chudnoff, pp. 287-295. [ABSTRACT]
  43. Geomorphology, stratigraphy, and luminscence age of the Mescalero Sands, southeastern New Mexico (5.80 MB PDF)
    — Stephen A. Hall and Ronald J. Goble, pp. 297-310. [ABSTRACT]
  44. Surficial geology in the vicinity of Washington Ranch (2.10 MB PDF)
    — David Love and Lewis Land, pp. 311-316. [ABSTRACT]
  45. Pleistocene vertebrates from southeastern New Mexico (1.99 MB PDF)
    — Gary S. Morgan and Spencer G. Lucas, pp. 317-335. [ABSTRACT]